Istanbul DAC is a non over-sampling, no digital filter, no op-amp, no feedback structured DAC. 

This tends to produce most realistic and natural sound.

Istanbul DAC is capable of up to 24bits/192kHz digital signal inputs yet remains driving legendary PCM61P-K R-2R digital to analog output.

The USB input section is in asynchronous operation.

Total four independent  digital inputs; BNC, USB, RCA and Toslink.

The 4 digital inputs are independent to each other, only one among them will be active and is controlled by the tact switches located in front panel.


Tube buffered output, tube in stalled is 5670 tube.

Tubes can be used: 5670, 2C51, 396A, 6385, 6CC42, 6854, 6N3,

6854, CV2575, CV4013, CV5894, CV8247, CV2381

115/230V power supply selectable from internal PCB jump pins setting 

Available in black cabinet only

No powercord is included when ship out 





Digital Receiver CS8416

D/A converter PCM61P-K

I/V stage: discrete ideal transistors (OPA861 used as transistor) , no feedback

Frequency response: 20 Hz to 20 kHz ( 2dB)

Output impedance:  32 ohms

Output level:  2.6 Vrms

 All inputs support 16/24 bits/ 32 kHz up to 192 kHz

Dimensions clear (W x D X H) 276 x 150 x 60 mm

Dimensions w/ socket (W x D X H) 295 x 170 x 60 mm

Weight 2 kg 



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